, The ship received a lengthy refit from 10 November 1916 to 29 January 1917 at Rosyth where her deck and turret roof armour were reinforced and additional rangefinders were added over her conning tower and the rear of 'X' turret. Smith. HMS Tiger: Tiger showing the new arrangement of turrets allowing much improved firing arcs for the 'Q' turret. ", On 23 January 1915, a force of German battlecruisers under the command of Admiral Franz von Hipper sortied to clear the Dogger Bank of any British fishing boats or small craft that might be there to collect intelligence on German movements. , "Tiger-class battlecruiser" redirects here. Beatty described Tiger to the First Sea Lord, Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher of Kilverstone, as "not yet fit to fight. Hipper ordered his ships to turn to starboard, away from the British, to assume a south-easterly course, and reduced speed to 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) to allow three light cruisers of the 2nd Scouting Group to catch up. , The main guns of Tiger were controlled from either of the two fire-control directors. She became a gunnery training ship in 1924 and then joined the Battlecruiser Squadron in 1929 when its flagship, HMS Hood, underwent a lengthy refit. Type 176 passive search, which shared the same dome as the Type 174. a Type 278 height-finding radar halfway up the mainmast. Beatty altered course to the east, as he was still too far north to cut Hipper off. [Note 5] Throughout the 19th, Jellicoe and Scheer received conflicting intelligence, with the result that having reached its rendezvous in the North Sea, the Grand Fleet steered north in the erroneous belief that it had entered a minefield before turning south again. HMS Tiger was a conventional cruiser of the British Royal Navy, one of a three-ship class known as the Tiger class. [a], The early part of Tiger's first commission was spent, under Captain R. E. Washbourn, on trials of her new armament. The RN had 21 cruisers in 1957, nine in operation and by 1961 the cruiser fleet had declined to nine of which five were in service. Tiger was the sole battlecruiser authorised in the 1911–12 Naval Programme. Ordered during World War II, she was completed only after its end. , During the war Tiger's rangefinders had increased in number and in size. Having realised their mistake the Germans then steered for home. By By the time Tiger 's legend was accepted by the RN Board of Admiralty in July 1954 and the Cabinet in November 1954, the cruiser design, hull and machinery were really too old. The German battlecruisers opened fire themselves a few minutes later at 9:11, at a range of 18,000 yards (16,000 m), and concentrated their fire on Lion. She joined the Battlecruiser Squadron in 1929 when its flagship, Hood, underwent a lengthy refit. Please note that I resize, denoise/despeckle/descratch …  By this time Tiger had been hit a total of 17 times, all but one fired by Moltke, but she remained fit to fight. A 12-foot (3.7 m) rangefinder was fitted in the fore-top and three 9-foot (2.7 m) instruments were fitted on 'B' turret, the gun control tower and above the compass platform. She was launched on 15 December 1913 and commissioned into the Royal Navy on 3 October 1914, at the cost of £2,593,100, including armament. Unfortunately for Beatty, his initial course changes at 14:32 were not received by Sir Hugh Evan-Thomas's 5th Battle Squadron (the distance being too great to read his flags), because the battlecruiser HMS Tiger—the last ship in his column—was no longer in a position where she could relay signals by searchlight to Evan-Thomas, as she had previously been ordered to do. This consisted of a fire-control director mounted high in the ship which electrically provided elevation and training angles to the turrets via pointers, which the turret crewmen had only to follow. " In October 1966, the ship was visiting Cardiff at the time of the Aberfan disaster. The primary director was in the fore-top on the foremast and the other was mounted on the aft superstructure in the torpedo control tower. Tiger Class Battlecruiser. On hearing the sound of gunfire, Beatty ordered his ships west, and spotted the German battlecruisers only 8,500 yards (7,800 m) away. Tiger was the oldest battlecruiser retained by the Royal Navy after the tonnage limits of the Washington Naval Treaty came into effect in 1922. HMS Tiger was the oldest battlecruiser retained by the Royal Navy after the tonnage limits of the Washington Naval Treaty came into effect in 1922. A high-angle 6-foot-6-inch (2.0 m) rangefinder was mounted above the roof of the fore-top for use by the anti-aircraft guns. She was also the first battlecruiser to be completed with a … , From 2 to 4 December 1966, she hosted talks between Prime Ministers Harold Wilson (UK) and Ian Smith of Rhodesia. The ship was assigned to the 1st Battlecruiser Squadron (1st BCS) for the duration of the war and participated in the Battle of Dogger Bank in early 1915, though she was still shaking down and did not perform well.  On Wilson's orders, the British and Rhodesian delegations were "separated in all activities outside the conference room". HMS Tiger was the last battlecruiser in my Fisherless RN. "[c] Rear-Admiral Morgan-Giles suggested bringing HMS Eagle back into commission instead of manning the Blake and Tiger, which he said were "among the worst abortions which have ever been thrust on the Royal Navy. Three minutes later, she sighted the topmasts of Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer's battleships, but did not report this for another five minutes. (Blake had already operated RAF Harriers briefly for proving trials in 1971, and Harriers had refuelled on Tiger). According to naval historian Siegfried Breyer, a sister ship named Leopard was considered in the 1912–13 Programme and deferred until 1914 as a sixth member of the Queen Elizabeth class, but there is no record of any additional battlecruiser being provided for in any naval estimates before 1914. a Type 960 air warning radar at the top of the mainmast. Rear-Admiral Sir Gordon Moore, temporarily commanding in New Zealand, thought that the signals meant for him to attack Blücher, which was about 8,000 yards (7,300 m) to the north-east, which he did, turning away from Hipper's main body.  A Mark VII* Dumaresq in the armoured tower was trained on the target to supply bearing data to one transmitting station for use in plotting and calculations, and a second station was fitted for the ship's secondary armament, although a pair of fire-control directors for those guns, one for each broadside, were not fitted until 1915. "One member of the ship's company was slightly grazed, but there were no other casualties. The barbettes were protected above the citadel by 8 to 9 inches (203 to 229 mm) of armour, thinning to three to four inches inside the citadel. However, the orders were then changed and the ships were directed to go to Scandinavia instead. Specifications: General: Role: Battlecruiser Class: Tiger Crew: 1109 Launched: 15 December 1913 royal Navy photo battlecruiser HMS Lion battleship 1915 blt devonport . Institutional Reference: UCS1/116/11/51. One of my friend asked me to create a modernised version of the HMS Tiger Battlecruiser on the lines of the HMS Warspite. They were too expensive to be produced in large enough numbers to be used for commerce protection, and not strong enough for the battle fleet. , Tiger was laid down at the John Brown and Company shipyard in Clydebank on 6 June 1912. He caught up to them shortly before Blücher sank and boarded Princess Royal at 12:20. 'Photograph of British battlecruiser HMS Tiger in drydock. 1965 Fotograf / Photographer: Ukjent Sted / Place: Ukjent - til sjøs Wikipedia: HMS Tiger (C20) Eier / Owner Institution: Trondheim byarkiv, The Municipal Archives of Trondheim Arkivreferanse / Archive reference: Tor.H49.B03.F28728 Merknad: Bilde overrakt Trondheims ordfører i anledning skipets besøk 2 - 8 april 1965.  The ship was refitted in March 1922 with a 25-foot (7.6 m) rangefinder fitted on 'X' turret, her original pair of 3-inch AA guns replaced by four 4-inch (102 mm) guns, and the flying-off platform on 'Q' turret was removed. The decision to complete the ships was based on the availability of hulls and expectation that the cruisers could be completed sooner (three years against 5 years) and cheaper (60% of the cost) than building new (8,000 ton) cruisers at a time when the existing cruiser fleet was ageing and its weapons and fire control were useless against modern aircraft. The German objective was to bombard Sunderland on the 19th, with extensive reconnaissance provided by airships and submarines. Beatty continued south for another two minutes to confirm the sighting before ordering his force to turn north. I thought we were doing well. Battle of Jutland Crew Lists Project. Around this time, Queen Mary was hit multiple times in quick succession and her forward magazines exploded.  At 6:44, Beatty turned his ships south-east, then south-southeast four minutes later, to find Hipper's force. The Germans opened fire first at 3:48, followed by the British. , Tiger took the cheers of the Atlantic Fleet on 30 March 1931 at Devonport. She was built by John Brown and Company of Clydebank, Scotland, and launched in 1913. Ordered during World War II, she was completed only after its end. On completion of the Nelson class … The British battlecruisers and German pre-dreadnoughts exchanged fire; the Germans only fired a few times before turning away to the west because of poor visibility and the more accurate British gunnery, and disappeared into the mist around 8:40. Format: Fotopositiv Dato / Date: ca. " The ship was given a refit in December 1915.  In September 1963, the Glasgow Herald said that the "Tiger already has a much-reduced crew and is virtually a floating office. Tiger missed Beatty's fire distribution order, as had Queen Mary, and Tiger engaged Moltke, instead of Seydlitz as Beatty intended. She remained in service as such until placed in reserve in 1978 and was discarded in 1986. Tiger was the most heavily armoured battlecruiser of the Royal Navy at the start of the First World War, but was not yet ready for service when it began. Photo ID IMGAAA00553. The director layer fired the guns simultaneously by an electrical trigger which aided in spotting the shell splashes and minimised the effects of the roll on the dispersion of the shells. Under the command of Captain Kenneth Dewar from 1928 to 1929, her final commander was Arthur Bedford, and she remained in service with the fleet until Hood came out of refit in early 1931, at which time she was taken out of commission in accordance with the terms of the London Naval Treaty. The other ships followed a few minutes later but, hampered by the extreme range and decreasing visibility, they did not score their first hit on Blücher until 9:09. Each set consisted of high-pressure ahead and astern turbines driving an outboard shaft and low-pressure ahead and astern turbines, housed in the same casing, driving an inner shaft. She became a gunnery training ship in 1924 and joined the Battlecruiser Squadron in 1929 while its flagship, HMS Hood, underwent a lengthy refit. Labour MP, and later government minister, D.K. British HMS Tiger Battlecruiser. Tiger existed in a slowly deteriorating condition until mid-1986, and following competitive tendering she was sold for scrap to Desguaces Varela of Spain.  Four direct current electric dynamos with a total capacity of 750 kilowatts (1,010 hp) supplied the common ring main at 220 volts. Michael Barnes said in parliament that the refits "show too lax an attitude towards the way in which the taxpayers' money is being spent". Armoured Cruisers. The British ships were still in the process of making their turn as only the two leading ships, Lion and Princess Royal, had steadied on their course when the Germans opened fire. HMS Tiger after 1918 configuration, with mainmast ahead of third funnel. Ditto for a type of warship, country, year, etc..., e.g. The only contact came in the evening when Tyrwhitt sighted the High Seas Fleet but was unable to achieve an advantageous attack position before dark, and broke off contact. Her two 6 inch turrets were insufficient to guarantee surface fire and were less effective in the Anti-aircraft warfare role due to improvements in missiles and aircraft; also, the basic fit of three twin 3 inch turrets were poor for effective, reliable coverage of the fire arcs. Designed in respond to The Japanese battlecruiser - Kongo. By 7:35 the Germans had spotted Beatty's force and Hipper ordered a turn to the south at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), believing that this would suffice if the ships that he saw to his north-west were British battleships and that he could always increase speed to Blücher's maximum speed of 23 knots (43 km/h; 26 mph) if they were British battlecruisers. Batttlecruiser HMS Tiger in 1928. Tiger next participated in the Battle of Jutland in 1916, where she was only lightly damaged despite suffering many hits by German shells. The ships of the Battlecruiser Squadron (including HMS Hood, the battlecruiser HMS Tiger and nine destroyers) received orders to set course for Kronstadt to support the British Baltic Squadron in their operations against the Bolshevik forces.  After the Battle of Coronel and the deployment of three battlecruisers to hunt for the German East Asia Squadron, Tiger was ordered to cut short her firing trials off Berehaven and was commissioned into the 1st Battlecruiser Squadron (1st BCS) two months later, on 3 October, and began trials and working up.  On 14 February 1924, Tiger was recommissioned and became a seagoing training ship, a role she served in throughout the 1920s. WoWs - Dark .  The gun had a maximum elevation of +90° and fired a 12.5-pound (5.7 kg) shell at a muzzle velocity of 2,604 ft/s (794 m/s). High-tensile steel torpedo bulkheads 1.5 to 2.5 inches (38 to 64 mm) thick were fitted abreast the magazines and shell rooms. level 1 Her last major period of activity came in 1929, when the Royal Navy's newest battlecruiser, the ill-fated Hood, went into dockyard hands for a refit. The mounts allowed the barrels to depressed to −5° and be elevated to +20°. She returned to service with the British Battlecruiser Fleet after repairs and served with her more well known cousin … Tiger was launched on 15 December, 1913, by Lady Helen Vincent, wide of Sir Edgar Vincent. When plans were announced to Parliament in March 1964, it was said that the Navy did "not expect this conversion work to be difficult or particularly expensive". , Sopwith Camel ready for launch from 'Q' turret. Launched in 1913, the Tiger was the oldest serving warship in the Royal Navy at the beginning of WW2. On the afternoon of the 31st May, 1916, ... For some minutes about now, we counted her as a battle cruiser, and so engaged № 3 instead of № 4 of the enemy line. Dreadnought Battleships. , The range gradually increased until the distance between the British and German ships was too great for accurate fire, so Beatty altered course four points to port between 4:12 and 4:15 to close the range. 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