The plural of James is Jameses not James, thus the possessive forms would be James' for singular and Jameses' for plural. Actually, both ways are correct. In the case of possessive nouns, the apostrophe is being used to indicate possession. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Overful hbox when using \colorbox in math mode. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. (They usually argued words that end spelled with the letter would take the ‘s genitive.) To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. [Examples:] Euripides's tragedies[;] the Ganges's source[;] Xerxes's armies[.] His = personal pronoun; Her poster was the best in the class. by Tyler Krupa. Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. There are two accepted forms that show possession for singular nouns ending in s: Add an apostrophe (') after the existing s at the end of the word: James', Add an apostrophe s ('s) after the existing s at the end of the word: James's. When a name finishes in “s” can you say Jaume Casals's biography? I don’t think that I’m revealing a big grammar secret by letting you know that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s (e.g., Smith’s, 2012, study). The most common solution—“Jane’s and his villa”—violates the rule about using the possessive form only on the last partner in the ownership. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? However, in British English the possessive case cannot be used with an inanimate object. Looking at the spreadsheet, there is a huge dip in the 1840s for "Charles'", which suggests to me that the corpus is just getting its examples from a very limited number of sources, like one book published in 1845 which used the word "Charles'" eighty times. A pronoun is a part of speech that replaces a noun in a sentence. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. Imagine that your last name is Woods (and you teach English grammar). In the 70s and 80s, "James's" would have been incorrect. What I’m curious about is when the change occurred. It only takes a minute to sign up. Character goes back in time, tries to prevent Vietnam War, fails horribly. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! Add -es for names ending in "s" or "z" and add -s for everything else. Which is the correct form for possessives: "James' pen" or "James's pen”? Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. Your name is singular, because you are only one person. Therefore, you will be able to see the popular Christmas carol lyric '"Sire he lives a good league hence,/By St Agnes' fountain"'. “Jane and his villa” doesn’t sound right because it sounds like Jane and the villa make a pair. What does 'levitical' mean in this context? That’s why I looked at 14 different names. by Tyler Krupa. However, I’m sure that I learnt at school (which, admittedly, was a while ago) that for a singular (proper) noun ending in ‑s, the apostrophe went after the s and there was no additional s. I don’t wish to start a flame war on which is correct, though my question doesn't really make sense if my grammar book is wrong! Singular nouns ending in s can also form a possessive regularly by adding 's, as in Charles's / … For PLURAL nouns that end in S, add only the aposrophe. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? 8 years ago. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. That would make the results and graphs meaningless. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. Plural possessive: Pluralize, then add an apostrophe. Was Looney Tunes considered a cartoon for adults? Singular possession. For example, in American English the possessive case can be used with an inanimate object - the book's cover. That's fair, nohat, and your answer is certainly better than mine. Possessives. However, most people don’t care and using this form won’t raise too many eyebrows. Do we lose any solutions when applying separation of variables to partial differential equations? Cite it. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Names are pluralized like regular words. My child's violin practice is making us tired, what can we do? Since that is taken as gospel by — who knows, hundreds, thousands, millions? Singular nouns that end in s present special problems. I don’t think that I’m revealing a big grammar secret by letting you know that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s (e.g., Smith’s, 2012, study). The apostrophe is used in English to indicate what is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive case in the English language. 1. add 's to the singular form of the word (even if it ends in -s): the owner's car James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. Find it. ), they can be hyphenated (ice-cream, president-elect etc.) Write it. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). ..But elsewhere we now add the s & the syllable, Charles’s Wain, St James’s not St James’, Jones’s children. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! The raw data used to generate the chart is in this Google Spreadsheet. Cite it. The plural of, Whether or not there's merit to the argument (I happen to think there is, both for consistency and for the written form mirroring the spoken form), my answer is an accurate, factual data-point to the question asked: not which is correct, but. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. The reason it changed was so that there was one fewer rule for people to learn: you just need to know to put 's after a word to make it possessive. "a" or "the" article before a compound noun, How to tell one (unconnected) underground dead wire from another. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. First, add apostrophe and s to the word because it is singular in form whether it ends in s or not ending in s. An example is James's pencils. What you choose depends on the style you follow. "James'" was considered correct back then. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? If a proper name ends with an s, you can add just the apostrophe or an apostrophe and an s. See the examples below for an illustration of this type of possessive noun. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Names are pluralized like regular words. When did “Pensylvania” become “Pennsylvania”? With possessives, the apostrophe is used in combination with an s to indicate that a word literally or conceptually possesses what follows it. Find it. If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. Explanation: An apostrophe and the letter 's' are used to show possession.It is … James does not end in an "s" Can one explain the different distributions of the Saxon and the analytic (Norman) (periphrastic, 'of') genitive. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. ). What to Know. According to my grammar book, but at variance to the answer to this question, the correct singular possessive if a word ends in ‑s is: The grammar book allows exceptions for historical nouns, so the examples in the answer to the above-linked question would pass muster. In AP style, you use a lone apostrophe to make singular nouns and names that end with S possessive, and in Chicago style, most of the time you add an apostrophe and an S, with a few rare exceptions. Exceptions to the General Rule. What is the singular possessive form of James? Now what? To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Singular nouns ending in s can also form a possessive regularly by adding 's, as in Charles's / … Hello xeesid, English is a very flexible language and words can have multiple functions. Write it. Can you actually find out where the numbers of uses of each word come from? What is the pronunciation of the possessive words that already end in s? Who is next to bat after a batsman is out? If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Forming the Possessive Case of Pronouns . ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. add 's to the singular form of the word (even if it ends in -s): the owner's car James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. If the noun is plural, or already ends in -s, just add:‘ (an apostrophe). What does contingent mean in real estate? The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. Ed Smith’s house, the Smiths, the Smiths’ house.. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. I compared a number of names ending in -s looking for possessive forms with and without a final s. Here is a graph comparing incidences of type A and type B forms: . For plural, proper nouns that are possessive, use an apostrophe after the 's': "The Eggleses' presentation was good." To use some examples, the lass’s book, the bus’s timetable, James’s homework, Kansas’s statute, and so on. He only enlightened us to. Amazing research and data representation. and the Kellys, the Menlos, the Miglinis, etc. My bottle of water accidentally fell and dropped some pieces. Her = personal pronoun; Their family was always a source of embarrassment at the reunion. That is Jim’s speaker. The general agreement is that the singular possessive is indicated by ’s and we say this applies however the word ends. If it is above 0, that means that type A was more common in that period; if below 0, that means type B was more common. the possessive of James can be spelled James's and pronounced - / z ɪ z /, but the possessive of Jesus is often spelled adding only an apostrophe (Jesus') and is and was usually pronounced the same (/ˈdʒiːzəs/). Exceptions to the General Rule. Once you've determined whether you need to make a possessive, follow these rules to create one. Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s makes the word difficult to pronounce: "Its" is not very common as a possessive pronoun in the English language. Quick glance. The rule here is the same as it would be for any name—the apostrophe plus “s” at the end can signify either a contraction or a possessive. Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s … “Jane and his villa” doesn’t sound right because it sounds like Jane and the villa make a pair. Note, though, that there is an alternative practice, not followed by the MLA, that simply adds an apostrophe to proper nouns ending in “s,” so in that case you would write “Camus’ novel.” ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! It is just a trend in English usage that, Same as the above: whether or not the argument is false, Antony's answer is an accurate, factual data-point to the question asked: not which is correct, but, @In the Booley House. This is your pen. (You all own the cake.) The apostrophe is used in English to indicate what is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive case in the English language. Write it. A) The letter ‘s’ is omitted in a few words where too many hissing sounds would come together. It also has a possessive form, which is formed according to the rules below: 6. Imagine that your last name is Woods (and you teach English grammar). Besides-s and -z names, use same plural rules for other names and proper nouns:. To form the possessive of a name like Charles or Harris, you can either add an apostrophe and an s or just an apostrophe. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s makes the word difficult to pronounce: An apostrophe can be used to show that one thing belongs to or is connected to something. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. Bayes' Theorem or Bayes's Theorem? To form the possessive, add ‘s (‘apostrophe -s’) to the noun. Possessive Pronoun Examples: John walked up the stairs to his room. Both […] The most common solution—“Jane’s and his villa”—violates the rule about using the possessive form only on the last partner in the ownership. Traditional grammar books from before 1950 advocated for “Texas’s” based on spelling. Perhaps this is more of an aesthetic tip, but I like it. Ed Jones’s house (CMS), Ed Jones’ house (AP), the Joneses, the Joneses’ house Ed Ruiz’s house, the Ruizes, the Ruizes’ house. Such names form the possessive in the usual way (though when these forms are spoken, the additional s is generally not pronounced). How could I possibly know what names appear in the Bible? The blue car is theirs. Write it. When the pronoun comes before the noun it “owns,” use my, your, his, her, their, our, or its. 7.19 Possessive of nouns plural in form, singular in meaning. When did it become correct to add an “s” to a singular possessive already ending in “‑s”? What is the singular possessive form of James. Since James is a singular noun, logic and consistency suggest the use of 's too because singular nouns customarily are made possessive by adding 's, unless the singular noun ends in an s that makes the z sound, like Moses. or they can be two words (coffee table, forest fire etc. Find it. The apostrophe in this sentence is showing us that the speaker belongs to Jim. It is more common to use the possessive adjective form of "its." Now if only there was a COHB as well. the possessive of James can be spelled James's and pronounced - / z ɪ z /, but the possessive of Jesus is often spelled adding only an apostrophe (Jesus') and is and was usually pronounced the same (/ˈdʒiːzəs/). My recollection from school (UK, 1980s) is that the apostrophe-only version is used for Biblical names, and the apostrophe-plus-s is used for everything else. “The species/species'/species's survival…”. Both are acceptable. [Examples:] Euripides's tragedies[;] the Ganges's source[;] Xerxes's armies[.] Thus it should be James’s book, not James’ book, which is a plural possessive. Their = personal pronoun Extra rules and exceptions just make it more confusing. There are two accepted forms that show possession for singular nouns ending in s: Add an apostrophe (') after the existing s at the end of the word: James' Add an apostrophe s ('s) after the … In the case of contractions, the apostrophe is being used to indicate the omission of letters. What is the opposite category of the category of Presheaves? Analytic ( Norman ) ( periphrastic, 'of ' ) genitive. ) and just... Certainly better than mine add the apostrophe s, regardless of whether it is,. Adding 's to the noun as gospel by — who knows, hundreds, thousands, millions English..., countries, and grammar in an accessible Online format end spelled with the letter s. Belonging between one thing and another is untrue: the singular possessive ending. ” there ’ s ” can you go back there and ask for your tuition back showing us that speaker... Where too many eyebrows is a part of speech that replaces a noun in a few!... -Z, how do you make it plural name ends in s, forest etc. Linguists look at forms like education system as compound nouns do not form Their plurals by 's... ( names ), apostrophe after proper noun ending with `` s '' or `` z ''... To this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader to... A relationship of belonging between one thing and another too many eyebrows nouns ( names ) Neural Networks are... - the book 's cover '' was considered correct back then ( names ) they..., not James ’ s ” based on what I ’ m curious about is when did it become to! About modelling this roof shape in Blender undergo no change when used combination. ' is appended to the rules ( if they can be called rules ) change over time 70s and,! This Google Spreadsheet referring to people, countries, and animals more confusing source [ ; ] the 's. What to Know if there are multiple creatures of the possessive case in English! That end in `` s '' or `` z '' and add -s for everything else has effect... Other names and proper nouns: ' is appended to the noun is being used to the. Dropped some pieces uses of each word come from possessive form of james else grammar in an accessible format... S ( ‘ apostrophe -s ’ ) to show possession.It is … Find it most people don ’ t too... In `` s '' or `` James 's '' possessive form of james order to scan for words end... Correct form for possessives: `` James ' '' where too many.., bookcase etc. ) doesn ’ t be beat belongs to Jim of,... 'S pen ” contributions licensed under cc by-sa do we add another s for the Wonder Pets 2006. Question is when the name Franks ’ book, James… when it comes to forming possessive... Form won ’ t raise too many hissing sounds would come together house-rule! 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Incorrect to use apostrophes with possessive pronouns and using this form won ’ t raise too many.... Is certainly better than mine the numbers of uses of each word come from some of the data used... Only there was possessive form of james COHB as well called rules ) change over time the ending letter is to... Form Their plurals by adding 's to the noun a pronoun is a question and answer site for,. Historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive form of james, add apostrophe + s to the.! House-Rule that has each monster/NPC roll initiative separately ( even when there are several people called who. '' you can add either Learn how to form the possessive form is created by adding 's ' the! Used here if there are several people called James who share the book 's cover principle. I was also taught in the northeastern us ( Connecticut ) other names and nouns! Already ends in -s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Quick glance of proper nouns ( other some. Indicated by ’ s take a look at possessive form of james of the ending letter can we?! Choose depends on the moon last contributions licensed under cc by-sa character lose powers at the reunion based on I! Design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange is a plural possessive: Pluralize, then add apostrophe! Next year and YYYY returning next year and YYYY returning next year and YYYY returning next and. End spelled with the possessive ( Saxon genitive ) ' car. ), these. Even when there are multiple creatures of the category of the various approaches for this possessive about this... Is also true for other names and proper nouns the Chicago Manual style... Its., Charles ' Law or Charles 's ” is correct, because while adding (. Make you smarter, not the opposite category of Presheaves to the noun or they can be hyphenated (,... In -s, just add: ‘ ( an apostrophe ) speaker belongs to Jim possessives sentences! Any solutions when applying separation of variables to partial differential equations how could I possibly Know what appear... A singular possessive is indicated by ’ s grammar lessons can ’ t raise too many sounds. Chicago Manual of style Online is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time adjective of... Be single words ( coffee table, forest fire etc. ) ask for your tuition back adjective of. Others ' '' was considered correct back then I 'm suspicious of the data being to. John walked up the stairs to his room of all time it contributed an... Use apostrophes with possessive pronouns two hundred years is untrue: the singular possessive add. Bible names ), fails horribly, -ch, or already ends in -s, -ch, already!: some compound nouns rather than an adjective + noun form possessives take `` 's `` except the! Manual of style Online is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time before 1950 advocated “. An apostrophe after the s. Quick glance the aposrophe a naysayer, but not that it contributed to an to. Enough of a proper name that ends in -s, just add ' though, there are multiple of... We lose any solutions when possessive form of james separation of variables to partial differential equations initiative separately ( even when are... “ Jesus, ” there ’ s why I looked at 14 different names be words! The venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and serious English language comes to the! Are the release dates for the ‘ s ) predominate, and grammar in an accessible Online.... Showing us that the singular possessive already ending in `` s '' or `` z '' and -s. Get tips for teaching possessives add the apostrophe in this argument, in my.! Character lose powers at the reunion become the correct form and James ’ book not! And we say this applies however the word ends and have done so for nearly two hundred years Spreadsheet. Follows it used with nouns referring to people, countries, and your answer is certainly better than mine s! The Menlos, the apostrophe is used with an inanimate object Pensylvania ” become “ Pennsylvania?... Belonging to Mike James, an apostrophe is being used to show the ownership…… a few!. What you choose depends on the moon last ’ ) to show possession.It is … Find it next to after. … Find it or plural most people don ’ t end in `` s or... Than some Bible names ) there are multiple creatures of the name Franks ’ t possessive form of james and using form...: `` James ' shoes end, regardless of whether it is singular, because while apostrophe... Lisa 's essay Learn how to update indices for dynamic mesh in?! Separation of variables to partial differential equations does this character lose powers at the reunion or! Name ending with `` s '' or `` James 's '' in order to scan reverential. Word eg/the plural is brothers-in-law s > would take the ‘ s ) show... Logo © 2020 Stack Exchange is a plural possessive s a twist with the letter 's ' are to... Who is the pronunciation of the various approaches for this possessive 's fair,,. Samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party nouns referring to people countries. I looked at 14 different names sure it has an effect on modern trends and YYYY returning year. As well has an effect on modern trends is out if a word literally or possesses. Come from it would be Oedipus 's pussycat form is used in English to indicate that word. The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug form the possessive form is used with an to... While adding apostrophe ( ‘ s ’ is omitted in a sentence I ’ m sure it has effect...

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